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Minnesota Background Check and Gun Laws

Subject/Law
Long guns
Handguns
Relevant Statutes
Notes
State Permit to Purchase? No Yes §624.7131 Permit to purchase required to transfer handguns through FFL's and for "military-style assault weapons.", Permit to carry doubles as Permit to Purchase.
Firearm registration? No No None No
"Assault weapon" law? Yes Yes §624.7131 Does not ban any weapon but places restrictions on acquisition and ownership similar to pistols.
Owner license required? No No None No
Carry permits issued? No Yes §624.714 Shall Issue
State Preemption of local restrictions? Yes Yes §471.633  
NFA weapons restricted? Yes Yes §609.67 Machine guns and short-barreled shotguns, unless designated Curios & Relics, are prohibited in most cases. Sound suppressors and some destructive devices are prohibited in most cases.
Peaceable Journey laws? No No None Federal rules observed.

Misc Information

  • As of February 2008[update], 48 US states allow some form of concealed carry
  • The county sheriff must either issue or deny a permit within 30 days of the application date.
  • New and renewal permits are valid for five (5) years from the date of issuance. Emergency permits are valid for 30 days.
  • Landlords may not restrict the lawful carry or possession of firearms by tenants or their guests.
  • Private establishments can ban any firearms and must post a notice banning guns on their premises or personally notify patrons that guns are not allowed.

Restrictions

  • Must be at least 21 years of age
  • Must complete an application form
  • Must not be prohibited from possessing a firearm under Minnesota Statute 624.714 (Criminal background & mental health history check)
  • Must not be listed in the criminal gang investigation system
  • Must be a resident of the county from which you are requesting a permit, if you reside in Minnesota. Non-residents may apply to any Minnesota county sheriff.
  • Must provide certificate of completed authorized firearms training. Training by a certified instructor and completed within one year of an original or renewal application. (624.714, Subd. 2a)

Places Prohibited

  • School property
  • A childcare center while children are present
  • Public colleges and universities – may have policy restricting the carrying of weapons on their premises by employees and students while on campus
  • Private establishments that have posted a sign banning guns on their premises
  • Private establishments who have personally informed the permit holder that guns are prohibited and demands compliance
  • Places of employment, public or private, if employer restricts the carry or possession of firearms by is employees
  • State correctional facilities or state hospitals and grounds (MN Statute 243.55)
  • Any jail, lockup or correctional facility (MN Statute 641.165)
  • Courthouse complexes, unless the sheriff is notified (MN Statute 609.66)
  • Offices and courtrooms of the Minnesota Supreme Court and Court of Appeals
  • Any state building unless the commissioner of public safety is notified (MN Statute 609.66)
  • In a field while hunting big game by archery, except when hunting bear (MN Statute 97B.211)
  • In federal court facilities or other federal facilities (Title 18 U.S.C.§ 930)

From may issue to shall issue

May Issue: licensing systems sometimes referred to as discretionary permit systems allow legal authorities to grant licenses to carry concealed firearms to citizens who establish a compelling need for doing so.

Shall Issue: licensing systems often referred to as presumptive right-to-carry laws require authorities to provide a license to any applicant who meets specified criteria.

Minnesota has switched from a may issue state to a shall issue state.

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